This page contains the items of information on different pulsatile
instruments, except drum,
to which a separate page is allocated.
Timbrel was brought to Europe from Asia by wandering musicians,
to Latvia it came
in the end of XVIII century from Poland and Belorussia.
Timbrel is made as a sieve, but instead of a grid a leather membrane is
stretched by screws or the cord fixes. In a frame the oblong apertures are cut
into which metal leafs and bells are inserted. The timbrel is played,
tinkling and striking with a stick or hand on its membrane.
Devil drum was used by rural musicians for accompaniment to the dance tunes.
Devil drum has been made thus: the ends of a curve branch have been united by a wire, on
which various tinkling subjects were strung.
The threestick has been mentioned in written sources for the first time in
XVIII century, however its (and other similar instruments - bell tree,
rattle sticks, chagans) use on weddings is indicative of their ancient origin.
Similar instruments are not spread even at the closest neighbours, what can
testify to their local origin.
Threestick consists of a basis - metallic rod with a wooden handle, on the end
of which some copper or brass disks are put. To edges of disks are
suspended with small tinkling metallic plates.
Bell tree is made from a fur-tree top or a rich branch. The small branches
are peeleled, bent and adhered to the main branch. Afterwards birds feathers,
cocrowbar, reed, coloured strips of matter and papers, are adhered to them to
decorate the bell tree and sounding strings, buttons, campanulas and bells
Clappers make by an attachment of plates to a wooden basis.
The washboard, of course, first of all is intended for washing linen, however
people always have known how to use household objects for playing music.
Belt with harness bells
Harness bells were hung to a vehicle during a celebration, for instance,
Triangle Latvian (especial Latgalian) musicians use from a beginning of
A triangle was made from a forged metallic twig, bent in an equilateral
triangle; the upper ends of the twig do not reach one another, and they are
bent. Triangle is hanged up or hold in a hand, the sound is extracted by
palpation with a metallic twig or nail.